Motivation is the power by which humans attain their goals. Motivation is said to be intrinsic or extrinsic.  Conceptually, motivation should not be puzzled with either wish or hopefulness.

Motivation is related to, but separate from, emotion.

According to various theories, motivation may be embedded in a fundamental need to reduce physical pain and maximize pleasure, or it may comprise unambiguous needs such as eating and resting, or a desired object, goal, state of being, ideal, or it may be credited to less-apparent reasons such as unselfishness, egoism, ethics, or avoiding mortality.

Intrinsic motivation refers to inspiration that is ambitious by an interest or pleasure in the task itself, and exists within the person rather than relying on any outside pressure. Intrinsic motivation has been studied by social and educational psychologists since the early 1970s.

Research has found that it is frequently linked with high educational attainment and enjoyment by students’ evaluation theory. Students are likely to be intrinsically inspired if they: attribute their educational results to features under their own control, believe they can be efficient agents in reaching preferred goals, are involved in mastering a topic, rather than just cramming to attain good grades.

Extrinsic motivation comes from outside the person. Common extrinsic inspirations are rewards like money and grades, intimidation and warning of punishment. Struggle is more common because it persuades the performer to succeed and beat others, not to enjoy the intrinsic rewards of the activity.

A crowd cheering on the individual and trophies are also external incentives. Social psychological research has pointed out that external rewards can guide to over justification and a consequent decrease in intrinsic motivation. For those who have never gotten any extrinsic reward, self-determination theory suggests that extrinsic motivation can be internalized by the person if the mission fits with their principles and viewpoint and therefore assists to accomplish their fundamental emotional desires.