Criteria for deciding which conflict strategy to use are the bottom-line of conflict management and lay the foundation of conflict resolution. There may be several strategies in the pipeline may have different approaches based on the organizational purpose and mandate.
Primer / Voraborientierung
A conflict refers to a serious disagreement or even hostilities between different groupings of people which can be between communities, between cities, provinces, races, nations, empires. These conflicts may end up being resolved or settled by dialogue or use of force. A group conflict may also refer to people or individuals in a given organization or place, ganging up against one another due to mis-interpreted social behavior. Group conflicts can also arise due to differences in norms, values, religion and race.
Group conflicts can therefore be classified as follows:
a. Intergroup conflicts: this can be as a result of competition for valued material and resources, or result from some groups claiming more respect and esteem as compared to others. This can lead to hostility between groups. During these conflicts there is always an enemy, adversary or counterpart who might need to be removed in order for the other winning group to be famous.
b. Intragroup conflicts: is sometimes called infighting which is occasioned because of political supremacy between different groups in a country or region/tribe. Politicians will usually realign themselves according to party, race, and tribe, and fight so that they can always be at the top. The two groups will fight each other as though they are enemies.
c. Small group conflicts: In these groups there exist both positive and negative conflicts. Constructively, conflicts may bring about problems and issues, but also alternative solutions. This will allow for the group to move on in terms of positive, beneficial development.
How to manage conflicts in groups:
A conflict will be started by an individual by inciting others and they follow him/her, therefore in tackling this there is need to listen to the one who started. Put down the views of the whole group and then devise a way on how to put to control the conflict. Decisions should be taken accordingly by persuading the groups/group to agree on a common ground.
Different people have different thinking and they want the things to be the way they like. But no one is completely satisfied. This gives birth to a conflict within the society. Social conflict is a struggle of power in society. These kinds of conflicts mainly occur when two or more parties oppose each other or one in any social interaction.
Identifying and defining conflicts is not a cake walk. It needs skills of conflict management. Especially in the workplace, two main types of disputes have been noted.
These are: Disputes of rights and Disputes of Interest. Disputes of Rights are where people or groups are allowed by law, by contract, by previous agreement or by customary practice to certain rights.
Discerning inner conflicts is a war within oneself. It could be anything from deciding between two job offers, to deciding many things in your personal life. There is inner conflict between good and evil; strength and weakness; love and hate, etc. Discerning inner conflicts is more difficult as compared to resolving the inner conflicts.